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Wednesday, July 28, 2021

China Launches First 6G Satellite: It Is 100 Times Faster Than 5G (Video)

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On November 6, 2020, China successfully launched the world’s first 6G experimental satellite. The satellite was launched, along with 12 other satellites into space on a single rocket, and will be 100 times faster than 5G, according to state media.

The satellite, Star Era 12, has such high-frequency bands that it needs to be tested in space so that its signal is not lost as easily as it would happen in the air.

The 6G satellite weighs approximately 70kg and was named after its co-developer, China Electronic Science and Technology University (UESTC), who collaborated on the project with Chengdu Guoxing Aerospace Technology and Beijing MinoSpace Technology.

China started designing the next-generation broadband internet connection a year ago, which is scheduled to be rolled out in 2030.

What is satellite 6G?

Although 6 G technology is still years away from being a reality, the satellite will test a mode of communication waves that could improve the current streaming speeds by 100 times, according to Chinese engineers.

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Key Highlights

  • The 6G satellite will hold several sensors for tests and will test terahertz wave technologies in orbit.
  • Terahertz waves are high-frequency radiation that allows 50 gigabits per second of data to fly. This will be around 100 times higher streaming speeds than those actually possible, with broadband networks hitting a maximum speed of 500 megabytes.
  • The satellite transmission network can be integrated with the land communication network by 6G.
  • 6G is predicted to be up to 100 times higher than 5G and the frequency band is set to extend to the terahertz spectrum from the millimetre wave spectrum of 5G.
  • The 6G satellite was blasted off by a Long March-6 carrier rocket from the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Centre in northern China’s Shanxi Province.
  • The rocket also carried 10 other commercial remote sensing satellites developed by the Argentinian company Satellogic, known as NewSat9-18.
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Significance

The experimental satellite is the first time that terahertz networking technology has been confirmed when implemented in space.

Background

In November 2019, just days after 5G networks became available in the region, China introduced 6G technology research and development.

The Chinese Technology Bureau had assembled a panel comprising 37 telecommunication experts from institutions, universities, institutions and businesses, which was charged with laying out production of 6G and proving its scientific viability.

Several Chinese telecommunications firms have already started their own 6G studies, including Xiaomi, Huawei, ZTE and China Telecom.

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